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Iryna Deremuk
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From Security to Efficiency: Benefits and Challenges of Blockchain in Real Estate Investment

Time to read: 8 min

Investing in real estate can be fascinating, but it also comes with some problems, such as assets that cannot be easily converted into cash or issues with transparency. However, blockchain technology is working to overcome these challenges and offers exciting investment opportunities in the industry. It's thus clear that the blockchain and property sectors are a perfect match. 

In recent years, distributed ledger development trends have gained momentum in the real estate industry. This technology brings various innovations and benefits. It has the potential to increase the security of transactions, automate property management and enable smarter decision-making. In this article, we'll explore the key benefits and challenges of using blockchain in real estate investment and give a few examples of successful use of the technology.

What is Blockchain in Real Estate?

Commercial real estate makes up a large part of the global economy and business dealings. The value of the worldwide real estate investment market, which is professionally managed, grew from $7.4 trillion in 2016 to $12 billion in 2021. However, the current real estate market is divided into different networks that don't work together smoothly and lack transparency.

Let's now talk about the metaverse and the popularity of NFTs. The blockchain ledger plays a crucial role in facilitating digital real estate transactions, which are usually conducted using Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. Simply put, the software is a hip technology that allows for the safe and permanent storage of a digital, public record of all transactions that is available to the public in various databases. But how does blockchain connect with the real estate industry? First and foremost, the technology serves as a reliable source for both parties involved in a deal. It provides a secure and decentralized way to document, access and transfer ownership of digital assets by keeping all transactions, contracts and important data together on the network. Thanks to blockchain, real estate transactions can be completed in seconds, instead of taking weeks or months like traditional deals.

A green-colored house with the inscription NFT

Benefits of Blockchain in Real Estate Investment

Numerous real estate investment firms are actively implementing blockchain principles. This is a forward-looking trend that promotes peer-to-peer interaction and offers investors a variety of advantages.

What are the main benefits of the technology for real estate investment? Let’s take a look at the most important ones.

Enhanced Security and Transparency

The real estate blockchain acts as an immutable transaction record that ensures transparency and eliminates ownership and transfer risks. All security tokens are permanently recorded in the ledger. This long-lasting technology keeps track of property data, transactions and history, benefiting future owners and investors. This enables informed decisions based on reliable resources.

Combining blockchain with big data allows accurate tracking of customer and owner history and reduces fraud and default risks. With unchangeable platforms, real estate owners gain trust in the property industry through transparent information and open transactions.

Moreover, peer-to-peer (P2P) ownership reduces errors. Blockchain improves the sector by sharing data about global transactions. The technology also ensures more transaction efficiency and more trust among property owners.

An abstract scheme of blockchain security

Better Liquidity

The tokenization of real estate solves the historical problem of illiquidity in this asset class. In the past, selling property was a time-consuming process. However, with tokenization, real estate owners can quickly and easily trade digital tokens representing ownership on the real estate blockchain. Instead of waiting weeks or months, investors and owners can monetize their tokenized properties almost instantly.

Tokenizing real estate makes it tradable like cryptocurrencies, allowing sellers to unlock its value without having to wait for a buyer to acquire the entire blockchain property. This increases liquidity and accessibility for real estate sponsors and issuers.

Blockchain-powered platforms for primary issuance and secondary trading of illiquid real estate securities and properties create a dynamic marketplace. This reshapes the fragmented network of real estate sponsors, inter-dealer brokers and investment advisers, making it competitive and efficient. It enables sponsors to raise capital more effectively and provides liquidity for new issuers. Research shows that tokenized real estate transactions have increased by 40% in the past year, leading to a reduction in average transaction time. In addition, these platforms have seen a rise in investor participation, indicating growing interest and confidence in this innovative approach.

Blockchain transfer scheme

Cost Savings and Reduced Risks

With blockchain-based real estate investments, the likelihood of fraud or shady practices decreases. Property assets are transformed into liquid assets, allowing investors to buy and sell their tokens legally and instantly.

The smart contract system in blockchain technology further mitigates risks by ensuring data integrity. Property owners can trust that their investments are secure, easily transferable and compliant with international real estate standards.

Moreover, real estate blockchain removes finances from the control of intermediaries. Brokers, lawyers, and banks play a lesser role, reducing costs and streamlining the process. New platforms using blockchain have achieved remarkable results. Real estate listings have increased from 43 to 110 million while decreasing transaction processing time. These platforms facilitate seamless payments and help with legal documentation, which increases efficiency for all parties involved.

Three key components of the blockchain: cryptography, smart contract and decentralized consensus

Challenges of Blockchain in Real Estate Investment

The real estate industry is undergoing significant changes and faces numerous challenges. They reflect the industry's increasing complexity, digitalization and globalization. To succeed in this changing landscape, real estate professionals must adapt to new technologies and provide digital services to their clients.

In addition, the industry needs to prioritize improving transparency, standardization and liquidity 
in the market. Here are the key challenges related to blockchain in real estate:

Hands that launch the Ethereum icon

Regulatory and Legal Considerations

The real estate industry faces increasing regulatory challenges that complicate compliance and raise the cost of doing business. It can be difficult for professionals to navigate complex real estate laws, and it can also be daunting for novice buyers to understand and adhere to these regulations. Failure to comply with real estate laws can lead to legal problems or deal cancellation. Simplifying and clarifying the laws promotes transparency between agents and buyers.

Currently, cryptocurrencies and tokens aren't regulated. Many countries consider them as mere codes with no legal value. As a result, users lack a legal basis to acquire ownership of certain real estate. The tokenization of real estate is a relatively new concept, and the lack of regulatory frameworks in many countries presents a challenge for investors and issuers who need to address compliance requirements.

The need for controlling clarity in real estate tokenization is great. In fact, property professionals view regulatory uncertainty as a major barrier to blockchain and tokenization adoption. Furthermore, the real estate token supply has declined due to regulatory concerns.

Scalability and Technical Limitations

In real estate blockchain projects, protection against cybersecurity threats is a given. Well-coded smart contracts and regular audits are essential to ward off exploits, hacks and attacks. However, when it comes to blockchain tokenization projects, they face particular technical hurdles that require special attention.

One of the biggest challenges is verifying that real assets outside the blockchain match their digital counterparts on the chain. Imagine you tokenized a property, and it gets destroyed or damaged in the real world. Similarly, energy grids or power plants can experience unexpected outages. It's important that these real-life events are accurately reflected in the digital coins that symbolize the physical assets.

To tackle this challenge, blockchain tokenization projects often use a clever mechanism called Oracle. This tool acts as a bridge that pulls data from the outside world to ensure that information on the chain remains current and consistent. It's something like a reliable messenger between the real estate blockchain and reality, keeping everything in sync.

Adoption and Integration

One of the biggest hurdles for blockchain technology in real estate is adoption. The industry tends to be conservative, making developers and investors hesitant to embrace a technology that is still in its early stages. This reluctance may limit the transformative potential of blockchain in real estate. To overcome this challenge, industry stakeholders must join forces to educate the community about the merits of blockchain technology. This should highlight the benefits of efficiency, transparency and security, as well as the potential cost and time savings it brings. Besides, showcasing success stories and case studies from early adopters can inspire others in the industry and illustrate the tangible results of integrating blockchain technology into real estate development.

Case Studies and Success Stories

In the blockchain and real estate space, a few startups led by visionary professionals have ventured into this uncharted territory with varying degrees of success. Let's take a closer look at some notable players:

Two story house with three bitcoin symbols


Since its inception in 2015, Propy has attracted over $15 million in investments through its first ICO. It enables purchases via real estate blockchain technology in multiple locations, facilitating cross-border transactions


Harbor was founded in 2017 and surpassed Propy's fundraising efforts by raising more than $38 million through its ICO. The company holds a significant market share in North America and offers an Ethereum ERC20-backed token that provides liquidity.


This user-friendly platform provides easy access to the blockchain real estate market via mobile devices. With features like widgets and a dashboard, ShelterZoom aims to increase sales on the Ethereum network and attracts users from 22 countries.


 Espeo Blockchain is proud to support StreetWire's mission to innovate the market. By building a decentralized clearing house for real estate data and transactions, the company streamlines processes and returns value and control to data producers.

These pioneering enterprises demonstrate the potential of blockchain in real estate. Their successes inspire and pave the way for new investment opportunities and advancements in the industry.

Global real estate tokenization market graphGlobal Real Estate Tokenization Market is estimated to grow

Key Takeaways

Blockchain has transformed real estate investment by making the process both highly secure and efficient. The benefits are numerous: transparency, trust and streamlined transactions.

While there are still challenges such as regulation and scalability, real estate companies have adopted blockchain with remarkable success. Propy and ShelterZoom, for example, have achieved faster leases, less paperwork and more transparency by integrating blockchain. As technology continues to revolutionize the industry, the potential for growth and innovation is enormous.

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